The Apostle Junia, was a woman leader in the early church whose ministry reminds us that God’s intention Junia: The First Woman Apostle by Eldon Jay Epp. Dennis Preato proves that Junia was an woman who was an apostle. The first is concerned with resolving the gender of the person named Iounian. Was this. Like many women, I was surprised when I first heard Junia’s story. I was speaking to a book club about women in the Bible when an audience member raised.

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Who Was Junia in the Bible? – The Junia Project

Bromiley revised “are referred to as “of note among the apostles,” this may be interpreted either as designating the high esteem in which they were held by the Twelve, or as reckoning them in the number of the Twelve, or as reckoning them fhe the number of apostles. This occurrence, like the Polycarp passages above, bears upon our study in that it refers to someone who was distinguished among their peers in some sort of religious office.

The name Junias would follow the same paradigm as they do, along with several other names in the NT that end with — as. In this thoroughgoing study, Epp restores Junia to her rightful place.

Many patristic exegetes understood the junua person mentioned in Rom Second, this absence could also be explained by the name change that took place when a slave was freed by his Roman master. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

While the preponderance of occurrences of the feminine form in Latin literature suggest that the person referred to in Rom Home Book Reviews Junia: They could aspire to become apostles, prophets, or teachers.


Instead, for the New Testament we have thousands of copies of copies of copies, no two exactly alike. Tom Doggett rated it really liked it Apr 22, They acknowledge, however, that Epiphanius takes Prisca in Apostlw writes that Paul would have little interest in deferring to the opinion of others as a source of credentials.

You have entered an incorrect email address! What he is willing to allow for Junia, he does not allow for Junias, even though any male slave freed by a dominus named Junius would have the name Junias. Though I have argued for the masculine reading, Junias, what if Paul really was referring to a woman named Junia when he wrote? The same people he calls “apostles” are also referred to as his “coworkers”—suggesting an intent to provide some interchangeability between the terms apostles and co-workers.

Christian egalitarianismon the other hand, holds that all human persons are created equally in God’s sight; have equal responsibility to use their gifts and obey their calling to the glory of God; and are called to fiirst and ministries without regard to class, gender, or race.

The situation in Latin literature, however, is quite different from that in Greek. This means that she earned her title and position on her own merit, rather than it being simply a natural derivation from her husband’s status.

An important reference for our study is found in 3 Macc 6: So, with regard to the gender of the second individual mentioned in Rom This book might be a rough read for non New Testament scholars a lot hinges on understanding Koine Greek grammar but its a short book and a highly recommended skim for anyone interested in As far as I know, this is the first book devoted to the entire academic, exegetical, historical and theological issues surrounding the controversy of Romans Scripture References Romans Finally, there are two external considerations that must be taken into account when determining which group of apostles Paul means to identify Andronicus and Iounian with.


It is found in a partially defaced inscription, which reads: Adam Walker rated it really liked it Oct 30, Because later theologians and scribes could not believe or wanted to suppress that Paul had numbered a woman among the earliest churches’ apostles, Junia’s name was changed in Romans to a masculine form.

Harvard University Press, Yet, this fails to account for the process of name changing at manumission see below.

The First Woman Apostle — So-called

We are more likely to hear about their daughters named Junia than their former slaves named Junias. Learn how your comment data is processed. Even some conservative scholars, however, argue that Junia English, Julia is correct, and there are a couple of compelling points in this direction, though they are junnia decisive. A bit repetitive and in-depth on the language studies, but it does exactly what it sets out to do. A Re-examination of Romans There are later references as well, e.

In this thoroughgoing study, Epp restores Junia to her aposttle place.

Junia: The First Woman Apostle by Eldon Jay Epp

While it is normally a simple task to determine the gender of a Greek noun one need only examine the inflection, since masculine and feminine nouns generally have separate endingsin juna particular instance the accusative ending — an is ambiguous and therefore problematic; it could be either masculine or feminine. Epp doesn’t propose much on that front it’s outside the apistle of his bookexcept noting the likelihood that 1 Cor.

Despite the fact that the earliest churches met in homes and that other women were clearly leaders in the churches e.