Range Description: This is originally a South African species, not native in Europe. It is spreading rapidly in the Mediterranean. It occurs in Europe since This relatively recent accidental import from South Africa (originally on imported Pelargoniums, it is believed) is starting to colonise the south coast of France and . Ecology, conservation and threats of Cacyreus marshalli. Species page, life cycle and photos.

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However, our work is nowhere near complete. The IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria are intended to be an easily and widely understood system for classifying species caxyreus high risk of global extinction.

Cinecia y Tecnologia 23 Noviembre Gennargentu, Sardinia, Italy, July Marko K, Verovnik R, It is damaging on garden and house pelargoniums. Its fake eyes are larger. Cacyreus marshalli Geranium Bronze. The geranium bronze butterflies fly for short periods of time and frequently rest. Cacyreus marshalli, a South African Lepidoptera pest of cranesbill in Italia].

Adults also have substantial tails on their hindwings, along with a nearby eye spot, which diverts attacks from birds and other predators away from the critical body parts. Cacyreus marshalli found in Belgium.

Cacyreus marshalli Butler, Thessaloniki, Greece, Mqrshalli Once hatched, the larvae bore through the stem of the host plant, where they are typically found within the stem or flower buds.

Remarks on the biology of a lycaenid butterfly, pest of pelargoniums, new to Europe Lycaenidae. This butterfly was accidentally introduced first to the Balearic Islands in and has since spread to much Spain, France, Italy, Morocco and has even reached Malta.


Cacyreus marshalli on euroButterflies by Matt Rowlings

Please enter your e-mail address and password below. With great difficulty we managed to get a larva to feed on Dove’s-foot Crain ‘s-bill. The following text marshxlli kindly provided by, and is copyright, Crispin Holloway, and many of the photos on this page are from Crispin’s father, John. A butterfly threatens European pelargoniums. It flies in warmer months. Click here to see the aberration descriptions and marshqlli for this species. Sarto i Monteys V, Detection and Inspection Top of page This pest can be localized on species of Pelargonium and Geranium; it needs one of these hosts to ensure its development.

It is spreading eastwards too, although more slowly, with records from south Italy, Greece etc. Lycaenidae Leach, Subfamily: This species hardly ever stretches its wings. Cacyreus marshalli This species was first defined in Butler as shown here and as shown in this plate type locality: We need to more than double the number of wild species plants, animals and fungi assessed.

The pupa stage occurs at the bottom of the flower peduncle in many of the host species. Cacyreus marshalli Butler[1]. Unfortunately, as pests, the geranium bronze butterflies have caused economic troubles as well. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web marshalki that you are using. Geranium bronze females prefer to lay their maeshalli on the flower buds marsyalli various Geranium species.


Geranium bronze – Wikipedia

Species categorized as Near Threatened NT. Having said that, on Nov 1st 97 we did find one female roosting in the garden with a Small Copper after an air frost of Little is known about the biology of C.

The predator has yet to be identified. This is how it all started: Facyreus P, Parenzan P, Cacyreus marshalli Butler,new species for France, Portugal and Morocco. He took a number of photos and video, it was very approachable to within about six inches then we saw it was ovipositing on the potted geraniums!

In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. It is occasional in northern Europe UK, Holland etc where it is likely to arrive by importation of the larval foodplant, decorative geraniums.

Geranium bronze

The story ends with one surprise sighting the next May – it is presumed to have made it through the winter feeding in our marshalpi greenhouse. One or several autochtonous parasitoids could develop in immature stages of the butterfly. Surveys should be over a time frame appropriate to the taxon’s life cycle and life form.