When you georeference your raster dataset, you define its location using dataset that you want to align with your projected data in ArcMap. The general steps for georeferencing a raster dataset are: Add the raster dataset that aligns with the projected data. – Add control points that link known raster. This tutorial will explain how to georeference a raster image in ArcGIS so it can then be used as an overlay or for digitizing purposes. In this example, a historic.

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A minimum of four links are required to perform a projective transformation. You can georeference a raster dataset, a raster layer that contains raster functions, an image service, or a mosaic layer.

If you navigate the data srcmap, the Image Viewer will show the same extent. It also creates a world file for.

Then that point is used with the inverse transformation and mapped back to image space. Zoom in by clicking once or dragging a box in the Image Viewer window.

Georeferencing toolbar tools—Help | ArcGIS for Desktop

It is based on a spline function, a piecewise polynomial that maintains continuity and smoothness between adjacent polynomials. Press and hold the Z keyboard shortcut. Looking for a label?

If you only have one monitor available, you can use the Reposition button to divide your screen georeferrnce for each window. Please try again in a few minutes.

Saves the transformation with the raster. You have the choice of using several types of transformations, such as polynomial, spline, adjust, projective, or similarity, to determine the correct map coordinate location for each cell in the raster. In ArcMap, add a reference layer to your map that would be helpful in matching points from the image e.

It may be a good idea to create a few control points, then choose the one that looks the most accurate. Save to New or the Warp geoprocessing tool will create a new raster dataset that is georeferenced using the map coordinates and the spatial reference.


This transformation is useful when the control points are important, and it is required that they be registered precisely. When the general formula is derived and applied to the control point, a measure of the residual error is returned.

Link the data view extent with the Image Viewer extent. Saving the georeferencing will store the transformation information in external files-it will not create a new raster dataset, which happens when you permanently transform your raster dataset. Email gishelp at mit. Zoom to the reference layer, and add the second control point in the same geographical location.

Overview of georeferencing—ArcGIS Pro | ArcGIS Desktop

Generally, the greater the overlap between the raster dataset and target data, the better the alignment results, agcmap you’ll have more widely spaced points with which to georeference the raster dataset. Easy to use Average Difficult to use This article is: Redraw the current extent of the Image Viewer window. If possible, you should spread the links over the entire raster dataset rather than concentrating them in one area.

Pan the ungeoreferenced raster in the Image Viewer window. Request Case Start Chat.

How To: Georeference an image to align with other data

For example, if your target data only occupies one-quarter of the area of your raster dataset, the points you could use to align the raster dataset would be confined to that area of overlap. Click Georeferencing and click Rectify. For example, this process would be helpful in the case of a user finding an aerial photograph in their map. If you’re satisfied with the registration, you can stop entering links.

Deletes all the control points. Fundamentals of georeferencing a raster dataset ESRI: Projective requires a minimum of four control points.

Answer Georeferencing is a process by which a georeeference dataset image without spatial reference can be matched with a layer that does have spatial reference. Any more than three control points introduces errors, or residuals, that are distributed throughout all the control points. When working with two raster datasets, open the Effects toolbar and adjust the transparency or turn layers on armap off veoreference the table of contents to view each image as links are added.


To see all the datasets, adjust their order in the table of contents. This is useful when Auto Adjust is disabled. Check this box to show the inverse residuals and inverse Arcma; error in the link table. Click, to add a link, the mouse pointer on a known location on the raster dataset, then on a known location on the the referenced data. You can also use the Shift and Rotate tools to move the raster dataset as needed. Right-click, in the table of contents, a target layer the referenced dataset and click Zoom to Layer.

The number of the noncorrelated control points required for this method must be 1 for a zero-order shift, 3 for a first order affine, 6 for a second order, and 10 for a third order. The lower order polynomials tend to give a random type error, while the higher order polynomials tend to give an extrapolation error. You can see how six parameters define how a raster’s rows and columns transform into map coordinates. Get notified about latest updates to this technical article?

Spline transforms the source control points exactly to target control points; the pixels that are a distance from the control points are not atcmap to be accurate. The View Link Table button in the toolbar allows you georeefrence look at all of the links you have made, see their respective residuals, and delete ones you think may be inaccurate.

Georeferencing a raster to a vector

The control points are not deleted. The Georeferencing toolbar is used to georeference raster and CAD data. Zoom To Selected Link.

Each link can be turned on or off to evaluate what the result would be. In the table of contents, right-click a target layer the referenced dataset heoreference click Zoom to Layer.